Guinea Bissau has a very low Human Development Index (0.364) which places it in 176th place out of 185 countries (2013 data). In other words, two thirds of the population lives on less than $ 2 a day. The country’s economy mainly suffers from an excessive dependence on agriculture and in particular from the monoculture of cashew nut, difficult access to banking and financial services, poor entrepreneurial initiative and a low level of professional training. This makes the poorest segment of the population, between 15 and 35 years of age. This is the reason that pushes many young people to seek in emigration, often illegal, the only hope to solve their own livelihood problems and that of their family.
Bissau, Regione di Bissau, Guinea-Bissau
Bula, Regione di Cacheu, Guinea-Bissau
The project aimed to reduce the level of unemployment of young people, focusing on improved professional training, facilitating the meeting between companies and young people leaving the vocational school and favoring the birth of small artisan businesses with the supply of part of the equipment, micro-credit opportunities and a path of coaching for newly born businesses.
The project, lasting 36 months, was initiated by the two vocational training centers created by the Congregation of the Josephites of Murialdo in the cities of Bissau and Bula, and involved the following main activities:
- Modernization of educational programs so that they take into account the needs of the labor market. At the same time, the equipment of the two professional schools was also adapted. Periodic refresher courses for teachers. Implementation of student internships in external companies.
- Establishment of an employment service, equipped with computerized tools to facilitate the placement of students at the end of professional courses. Regular meetings were also organized between companies and young people trained in the two schools.
- After adequate training, selection of the best entrepreneurial ideas of the students, who were assisted in developing them for the first 18 months.
- Supply of the equipment necessary for the construction of the aforementioned businesses, providing part of the related funds and for the rest by facilitating access to credit.
- Construction of a shed to initially house the various businesses created by the former students of the two schools.
- Organization of a meeting table with the ministerial authorities to promote policies in favor of youth entrepreneurship.