The context

The county of Nakuru and that of Baringo, respectively located in the upper and lower basins of the Molo river, are two areas chronically affected by climatic and environmental crises, due to land degradation and the intensive exploitation of forest resources. The lower basin area, in particular, belongs to the arid and semi-arid belt of Kenya and is particularly vulnerable to climatic phenomena that cause a reduction in the rainfall and flow rate of the rivers, with unpredictable flood peaks and frequent floods. These are areas mainly devoted to agriculture, which, however, fails to meet all the needs of the population in terms of income production, and characterized by the insecurity of cattle raiding, linked to the traditional form of farming in the wild.

Kenya

Nakuru County, Kenya

Kenya

Baringo County, Kenya

 
The Objectives

The project aims to increase the economic potential of small producers with innovative, inclusive and sustainable local development initiatives through the creation of micro enterprises, with particular attention to the promotion of female entrepreneurship.

The project aims to promote eco-sustainable, circular, replicable and low-cost activities within the honey and pork supply chains, which more than others can integrate and support agricultural activities without competing with them.

The project is in continuity with the decades-long activities of Mani Tese in the area in collaboration with the local partner Network for Eco-faming in Africa (NECOFA) and makes use of the contribution of another local partner KOAN (Kenya Organic Agriculture Network) for the study activity on the agroecological benefits of the intervention. It also makes use of the Italian partners E4IMPACT Foundation for all activities, in particular training, aimed at the development of entrepreneurship, the University of Turin for the swine supply chain and the production of feed, the SIVAM company for the production of feed, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore – Piacenza campus for the swine supply chain and the Association of beekeeping producers of the province of Milan (APAM) for that of honey.

Project Details
Country

Kenya,

Location

Counties of Baringo and Nakuru,

recipients

1.500 people and their families

 
The Activities
  1. Development of the pig supply chain
    After having created, with the previous projects, a pig breeding center in Elburgon, in the upper basin of the Molo river, the project foresees the development of the supply chain also in the lower basin area with the construction of a second reproduction center in Marigat, in Baringo County. The center will provide 25 fattening groups, consisting of at least 50% of women and young people. In addition to an improvement in the income guaranteed by the sale of pigs, the groups will also benefit from a plant for the production of biogas produced from animal waste, which will guarantee savings on the consumption of wood and vegetable carbon for cooking food and will allow women to free themselves from the activity of collecting wood. The project will promote a mandatory quality protocol, also available through an app, on the treatment and welfare of animals, created with the contribution of experts from the University of Turin and the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore – Piacenza campus. The two centers will be accompanied on the path to becoming real micro enterprises with management training sessions and on social and environmental impact.
  2. Development of the honey supply chain
    Also in this case the project is part of the development of a supply chain on which Mani Tese has worked previously. The project intends to associate small honey producers, still operating at a rudimentary level, in real companies capable of processing a product that can be proposed on the national market. Two new centers for the production and processing of honey will be created, one in the upper and the other in the lower basin of the Molo, and two groups for their management, to which various producers will refer. The groups will receive 1,000 improved hives and 10,000 seedlings of local tree species with high melliferous potential. The managers of the new companies will receive training and a quality protocol will be established on the production of honey, to which all associated producers will have to comply, which will also be available via the app.
  3. Start-up of a company for the production of animal feed with high yield and reduced environmental impact
    The project aims to set up a local company made up of 10 young people for the production of feed using the Black Soldiers Flies larvae (of which about 50% is protein) as a protein base. The company, which will have the technical support of experts from the University of Turin and the SIVAM company, project partner, will deal with both the breeding of the larvae and their transformation into flour. The feeds produced will serve to improve nutrition and reduce feed costs not only for pigs but also for fish and chickens, and this will offer further market opportunities. The young people involved will follow a training course for the entrepreneurial development of their business.
  4. Creation of 5 pilot micro-enterprises of mushroom growing
    Mushroom farming offers effective circular integration into the farming-agriculture system, for the benefit of local populations. In fact, the country imports more than 50% of the mushrooms it consumes, with a consequent high environmental impact and waste of resources. Favoring local production can therefore become a great income opportunity, also thanks to the low cost of cultivation that can exploit pig manure from farms as fertilizer. The activity involves the creation of 5 pilot centers that will be managed by 50 women in situations of risk and fragility. The women involved will follow a training course for the entrepreneurial development of their business.
  5. Production of improved traditional hives
    As part of the honey supply chain, the development of a small business of artisans will be supported, able to build and sell improved hives in the Baringo area, as it is the one with the greatest market potential. The business will be managed by 10 unemployed young people, who will receive training and tools necessary to start the business. The hives will be produced following the model developed by the Bee Keeping Institute of the local Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, which combines the benefits of traditional hives with the “queen exclude” system which has given excellent results in terms of honey quality.
  6. Competition of ideas for the financing of 25 innovative entrepreneurial activities
    The activity involves the development of 25 individual micro-enterprises with the aim of creating a solid distribution network for meat produced in pig breeding and honey production centers. The 25 business projects will be selected from a series of proposals submitted by 80 people, following a 4-day training session. Those selected will participate in a real incubation activity and will receive a fund for start-ups.
  7. Study on agroecological benefits for a county policy
    The results and the strategy of the project will be used to create a capitalization document, which enhances the potential of the two supply chains in the counties of reference for the benefit of the institutions and the main stakeholders with the aim of contributing, with the results achieved, to the programming agricultural future of the two areas.