Nicaragua has the lowest per capita GDP in Latin America after Haiti. The growth of the GDP in recent years has mainly been determined by the reactivation of the agricultural sector which alone generates 31% of GDP and about 60% of total exports (bananas, coffee, sugar, meat and tobacco). Light industry, tourism, banking, mining, fishing and commerce are sectors in expansion even if in conjunction with an inadequate infrastructure, no positive trend in export expansion can be foreseen. The uncertainty about the ownership of the properties only aggravates this situation, remaining also in Nicaragua one of the open questions in the context of rural policy that affects more than 20% of the land. Some data: 57% of the total population is concentrated in urban areas, mainly in the Pacific area; life expectancy at birth is 74 years [UNDP, 2010]; the literacy rate of the population between 15-24 years is 87%. The official language is Spanish, alongside which original languages are spoken such as miskito, sumu, rama and garifuna. The capital is Managua.
Given the evident need to increase agricultural productivity to improve the living conditions of rural areas, Mani Tese has chosen to focus its efforts on behalf of the farming community, with the aim of increasing the opportunities for economic activities. The introduction of improvements in agricultural technologies, production techniques and incentives for agricultural production are the tools chosen to encourage the development of economic activities and avoid the massive exodus to urban areas. Mani Tese collaborates with local organizations, including the Cooperative of Multiple Services “20 de Abril”, FDL (Fondo de Desarrollo Local, INPRHU (Instituto de Promoción Humana) and NITLAPAN.